We know this is a worrying time for everyone, and that you may have particular concerns if you are pregnant or have a baby. We have put together the advice on coronavirus (COVID-19) and caring for your baby that is currently available and will keep updating this as we know more.
Coronavirus (COVID-19) and caring for your baby
If you have a young baby, continue to follow public health advice:
- Continue to breastfeed your baby if you are doing so
- It is important that you continue to follow safer sleep advice to lower the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
- If you show symptoms of coronavirus (COVID-19) try not to cough or sneeze on your baby. Make sure they are in their own separate sleep space such as a cot or Moses basket
- If your baby is unwell with a cold or fever don’t be tempted to wrap them up more than usual. Babies need fewer layers to lower their body temperature. Click here for more advice on temperature
- We are not aware of any advice for babies to wear masks, whether they are infected or not. There is a potential risk of suffocation and other hazards with doing this. The latest Government guidance says that Children under 2 yrs. do not need to wear masks.
- Always seek medical advice if you are worried about your baby – either linked to coronavirus (COVID-19) or any other health issue
- If you have questions about safer sleep contact our information line on 0808 802 6869 or email email@example.com.
See below for FAQs on Coronavirus (COVID-19) and caring for your baby
Coronavirus (COVID-19) advice in pregnancy
If you are pregnant, make sure you are aware of the advice, which is changing continually:
- Pregnant women should follow government advice about social distancing, stay away from public places and avoid anyone who has any symptoms of coronavirus.
- Pregnant women can still go out when necessary, such as to shop for food, exercise and to attend antenatal appointments.
- If you are in your third trimester (more than 28 weeks pregnant) you should be careful to keep to social distancing and avoid contact with others as much as possible.
Advice from the NHS on coronavirus in pregnancy
There’s no evidence that pregnant women are more likely to get seriously ill from coronavirus.
But pregnant women have been included in the list of people at moderate risk (clinically vulnerable) as a precaution.
This is because pregnant women can sometimes be more at risk from viruses like flu.
It’s not clear if this happens with coronavirus. But because it’s a new virus, it’s safer to include pregnant women in the moderate-risk group.
It may be possible for you to pass coronavirus to your baby before they are born. But when this has happened, the babies have got better.
There’s no evidence coronavirus causes miscarriage or affects how your baby develops in pregnancy.
Appointments and scans- Advice from the NHS
You’ll still have regular appointments and scans while you’re pregnant. But there may be some changes.
You may find that:
- Midwife appointments are now online, by phone or by video call
- If you need to have a scan you may have to go on your own
- You may be asked to wear a mask or gown when you’re in a hospital or clinic
- Some appointments may be cancelled or rescheduled. If an appointment is cancelled, it will be rescheduled, or you’ll be able to rebook it
This is to help keep everyone safe and stop the spread of coronavirus.
Speak to your midwife or maternity team for more information.
Other things to consider
This will be a very difficult time for you as a new family as you may want to share and show your baby off to family members who do not live with you. However, it is very important that you continue to follow the government guidelines to prevent the spread of the virus.
Look into other methods of staying in touch with family; sending pictures and keeping in touch online (FaceTime, WhatsApp, Skype). Take lots of pictures & videos to share with family/friends.
If things are feeling overwhelming and you are increasingly anxious it is important to talk about this with your Health Visitor.
It is important to try to look after your mental health as well as your physical health – this website has some useful tips. https://www.nhs.uk/oneyou/every-mind-matters/coronavirus-covid-19-staying-at-home-tips/ Also, the Institute of Health Visiting has some useful contacts to support your mental health during pregnancy and after having a baby https://ihv.org.uk/families/parenting-through-coronavirus-covid-19/
You may wish to consider online fitness workouts to keep active, postnatal Yoga or Pilates for example. There are lots of mindfulness and mediation websites and apps that might also help.
If you have questions about safer sleep contact our information line on 0808 802 6869 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
We will update this page as more advice is available. Click here for more advice on safer sleep
Although there is no research evidence on COVID-19 and infants yet, we have put together some advice to try to answer some questions you may have around caring for your baby during this time.
- How do I self- isolate and keep my baby safe
- What do I do if I/my partner show signs of the virus?
- Can I still breastfeed if I have coronavirus (COVID-19)?
- Can I still have skin to skin contact?
- Can I still use a breast pump?
- Can I still attend antenatal/postnatal appointments?
- Should I bedshare with my baby if I am unwell?
- If my partner is unwell can we bedshare?
- What do I do if I bedshare but I have a slight temperature?
- What do I do if my baby has a temperature?
- How do I know if my baby is getting really ill, or if they are just ‘a bit’ unwell?
- I am really worried about my baby as they have scored high on baby check app but it is a risk taking them to a doctor or hospital because of COVID -19?
Advice for if you smoke from the Smoking in Pregnancy Challenge Group
- How does smoking during pregnancy impact my baby?
- Does smoking increase my risk from coronavirus?
- Can I get help to quit from my midwife?
- How can I keep my home smokefree?
By following our safer sleep advice, you are doing all you can to reduce the risk of SIDS. Follow the NHS guidance on self-isolation :
- Do not leave your home for any reason – if you need food or medicine, order it online or by phone, or ask someone to deliver it to your home
- Do not have visitors in your home – including friends and family
- Do any exercise at home – you can use your garden, if you have one
If you have the symptoms you must self-isolate for 7 days. If you live with someone who has the virus but you have NO symptoms you have to self-isolate for 14 days due to the 7-day potential incubation period. The incubation period is the time between catching the virus and showing symptoms.
Do not go to a GP surgery, pharmacy or hospital. At the moment, only people with severe symptoms who need to stay in hospital overnight will be tested.
You should use the NHS 111 online coronavirus service, or call NHS 111 if:
- You feel you can’t cope with your symptoms at home
- Your condition gets worse
- Your symptoms do not get better after 7 days
Contact family and friends to ask them to help with medical or shopping supplies. Most local councils offer help for those who are unable to go out for supplies. Check the website of your local council for details or call your local councillor.
Contact family and friends online to talk to so you don’t feel so alone.
Plan ahead: It’s a good idea to have a plan if one or more of you become infected; where will you both sleep for example ? How will you manage childcare? How will you ensure you are still able to follow safer sleep advice?
Yes. There is no evidence showing that the virus can be carried in breastmilk.
If you breastfeed your baby, the following precautions are recommended by Royal College of Gynaecology:
- Wash your hands following the recommended guidelines before touching your baby, breast pump or bottles
- Try to avoid coughing or sneezing on your baby while breastfeeding. Have a drink of water and box of tissues within reach. Catching coughs and sneezes in tissues helps prevent the spread of infection.
- Consider wearing a face mask while breastfeeding, if available
- Follow recommendations for pump cleaning after each use
Consider asking someone who is well to feed your expressed breast milk to your baby. It is essential that you closely follow sterilisation guidelines if you are feeding your baby with formula or expressed milk. You must also follow these guidelines for any soothers or teethers that you may give to your baby.
If you have any worries or concerns speak to your Midwife or Health visitor, support is available.
Yes. It is recommended to continue with skin-to-skin contact with your baby.
Yes, and the same advice should be followed as above. If you are expressing breast milk in hospital, a dedicated breast pump should be used.
If you are feeding with formula or expressed milk, sterilise the equipment carefully before each use. You should not share bottles or a breast pump with someone else.
UNICEF recommends that if you are too ill to breastfeed you can express milk and give it to the child via a clean cup and/or spoon – all while following the same infection prevention methods as above.
Yes, making sure that you access antenatal and postnatal care when you are pregnant and have a new baby is really important to ensure the wellbeing of you and your baby. Many appointments will now be over the phone or online such as through Skype or Zoom.
To attend any appointments in person, you must not be self-isolating because you or your partner has had contact with the COVID-19 virus, it is important that you advise your midwife of any concerns rather than miss an appointment or attend if you think you may be infected
If you are unwell we would advise that your baby sleeps in their own separate sleep place, such as a cot or Moses basket in the same room as you. When your body is fighting an infection, you may sleep more deeply and not be as responsive as when you are well. You may also be taking medication that could make you drowsy.
Although there is currently no evidence, the COVID -19 virus is spread by airborne droplets, there might be a higher risk of passing it onto your baby if you have the virus. If you are not feeling well it is always safer for your baby to be in a separate sleep place in the same room as you.
Even if you are well it is important for you to know that there are some circumstances in which co-sleeping with your baby can be very dangerous:
- Either you or your partner smokes (even if you do not smoke in the bedroom)
- Either you or your partner has drunk alcohol or taken drugs (including medications that may make you drowsy)
- You are extremely tired
- Your baby was born premature (37 weeks or less)
- Your baby was born at a low weight (2.5kg or 5½ lbs or less)
- Never sleep on a sofa or armchair with your baby, this can increase the risk of SIDS by 50 times
We would advise that your partner sleeps somewhere else or you put your baby in their own separate sleep space such as a cot or Moses basket. If either of you switch to the sofa to sleep, don’t be tempted to take your baby to sleep with you, sleeping on a sofa with your baby increases the risk of SIDS.
If you have a temperature we would advise you to sleep your baby in a separate sleep space. Your increased body temperature may make your baby overheat. Research shows that babies that get too hot have an increased this of SIDS.
If your baby is unwell with a cold or fever don’t be tempted to wrap them up more than usual. Babies need fewer layers to lower their body temperature. Click here for more advice on temperature
Always seek medical advice if you are worried about your baby – either linked to coronavirus (COVID-19) or any other health issue
This NHS link has advice on looking after a sick child https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/looking-after-sick-child/
If your baby is unwell the Baby Check app has 19 simple checks that parents can do if their baby is showing signs of illness and will give a score. If the check gives a low score but you are still worried, you should seek advice from a doctor or NHS 111.
The Baby Check app does not diagnose COVID-19
I am really worried about my baby as they have scored high on baby check app but it is a risk taking them to a doctor or hospital because of COVID -19?
If your baby is unwell it is important to seek medical attention. If you are unwell or self-isolating you need to make the health professionals aware. Call your doctor or NHS 111.
Advice for if you smoke from the Smoking in Pregnancy Challenge Group
Smoking or being exposed to secondhand smoke during pregnancy significantly increases your risk of miscarriage, stillbirth or having a premature or unwell baby. Quitting smoking is the most effective way to protect your child from the harms of tobacco smoke.
As a precautionary measure, the government has classed pregnant women as a group at risk of severe illness from coronavirus. Evidence suggests smokers who contract coronavirus are more likely to need intensive care than non-smokers. Smoking damages your lungs and weakens your immune system. This makes it more likely that you will have complications if you get sick and take longer to recover.
Yes. Your midwife should: 1. Provide you with information about the risks of smoking and benefits of quitting for you and your baby. 2. Refer you to a specialist stop smoking service. This service can provide you with support and advice via telephone/Skype/Facetime and may be able send you stop smoking medications and vouchers in the post. They should also be able to give you advice about using an e-cigarette to quit smoking.
You can use nicotine replacement products (e.g. patches or gum) or e-cigarettes to protect yourself and your family from harmful cigarette smoke. If you need to smoke you should take at least 7 steps outside to stop smoke drifting inside.