‘Sudden Infant Death’ is the term used to describe the sudden and unexpected death of a baby that is initially unexplained. While SIDS is rare, it can still happen and there are steps parents can take to help reduce the chance of this tragedy occurring.
The usual medical term is ‘Sudden Unexpected Death in Infancy’ (SUDI) or Sudden Unexpected Death in Childhood (SUDC), if the baby was over 12 months old.
Some sudden and unexpected deaths can be explained by the post-mortem examination revealing, for example, an unforeseen infection or metabolic disorder. Deaths that remain unexplained after the post mortem are usually registered as ‘Sudden Infant Death Syndrome’ (SIDS) or SUDC in a child over 12 months. Sometimes other terms such as SUDI or ‘unascertained’ may be used.
‘Cot death’ was a term commonly used in the past to describe the sudden and unexpected death of an infant. It has largely been abandoned, due to its misleading suggestions that sudden infant death can only occur when a baby is asleep in their own cot, which we know to be untrue.
What causes SIDS?
A thorough post-mortem examination will reveal a specific cause of death in less than half of all sudden infant deaths. Causes may include accidents, infection, congenital abnormality or metabolic disorder.
For the deaths that remain unexplained (SIDS), researchers think there are likely to be undiscovered causes. For many it is likely that a combination of factors affect a baby at a vulnerable stage of development.
How to reduce the risk of SIDS
Although we don’t yet know how to completely prevent SIDS, it is possible to significantly lower the chances of it happening by following our safer sleep advice. You should try to follow the advice for all sleep periods where possible, not just at night.
You can also talk to your midwife or health visitor if you have any questions or concerns, or get in touch with us.